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Guangcang 廣倉


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Guangcang 廣倉 "Extended Cang[jie]" is a short character dictionary written by the Liang period 梁 (502-557) scholar Fan Gong 樊恭. It was already lost during the Tang period 唐 (618-907), at least according to some sources like the imperial bibliography Jingjizhi 經籍志 in the official dynastic history Suishu 隋書 , but some Tang period writers, nevertheless, quoted from the Guangcang, which gives evidence that it must still have been available. The Guangcang imitated the old standard character dictionary Cangjiepian 倉頡篇 from the Qin 秦 (221-206 BCE) and Han 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE) periods.
The Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Ren Dachun 任大椿 had collected fragments of the Guangcang, which are published in the collectaneum Xiaoxue goushen 小學鈎沉. Ma Guohan 馬國翰 has published his collection of fragments in the collectaneum Yuhan shanfang jiyi shu 玉函山房輯佚書. The Xiaoxue goushen xubian 小學鈎沉續編 includes the collection by Gu Zhenfu 顧震福, and there is another collection of fragments by Huang Shi 黄奭, published in the Huangshu yishu kao 黄氏逸書考. The largest collection is that of Gu Zhenfu, with 48 fragments.
The fragments of the Guangcang were published in two modern books, one by Tao Dong 陶棟 (Jiyi congkan 輯佚叢刊), and one by Long Zhang 龍璋 (Xiaoxue souyi 小學搜佚).


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 752.

January 9, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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