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Chinese Literature
Guangya 廣雅 "Extended [Er]ya"


The Guangya 廣雅 "Extended [Er]ya" is a glossary dictionary compiled by the Three Kingdoms period 三國 (220-280) scholar Zhang Yi 張揖. It was written as an extension of the glossary book Erya 爾雅, which is only quite selective and does not cover all words in the sense of a dictionary. The arrangement follows that of the Erya. The Guangya includes many sources from the Han period 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE), including contemporary dictionaries like the Fangyan 方言 and the Shuowen jiezi 說文解字. The Guangya was originally divided into three juan "scrolls" but was rearranged during the Sui period 隋 (581-618) when Cao Xian 曹憲 wrote phonetic comments to the Guangya glossary. During this time the title was changed to Boya 博雅 to avoid the personal name of emperor Sui Yangdi 隋煬帝 (r. 604-617), Yang Guang 楊廣. After the Sui period the title was changed back to Guangya. The version including Cao's commentary was 4 juan long, according to other sources, 10 juan.
During the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) Wang Niansun 王念孫 wrote the commentary Guangya shuzheng 廣雅疏證. Wang's scholarly approach was that characters with similar sounds should also have a similar meaning. His commentary influenced Hao Yi's 郝懿 commentary to the Erya and Qian Yi's 錢繹 commentary to the Fangyan, and vice versa.
The oldest extant prints of the Guangya are full of errors which have been amended by Wang Niansun and his son Wang Yinzhi 王引之. There are three printings of the Wang commentary available: the Xuehaitang Studio 學海堂 print, that included in the collectaneum Jifu congshu 畿輔叢書, and a private printing of the family Wang. There is also a supplementary chapter (Buzheng 補正) written later by Wang Yinzhi. It is included in the print of the Shanghai guangcang xuejiong press 上海廣倉學窘 from 1918 and Luo Zhenyu's 羅振玉 edition of the collectaneum Yinlizaisitang congshu 殷禮在斯堂叢書 from 1929.
There is another Qing period commentary, namely Qian Dazhao's 錢大昭 Guangya yishu 廣雅義疏. Recent publications of this commentary, like the print of the Japanese Seikadō Studio 靜嘉堂 also include a comment by Lu Wenchao 盧文弨.


Source: Xu Fu 徐復 (1988). "Guangya 廣雅", in: Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Yuyan wenzi 語言文字, p. 115. Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe.

Contents
釋詁 Shi gu Adjective verbs
釋言 Shi yan Verbs
釋訓 Shi xun Binome verbs
釋親 Shi qin Kinship
釋室 Shi shi Buildings
釋器 Shi qi Utensils
釋樂 Shi yue Music
釋天 Shi tian Heaven
釋地 Shi di The Earth
釋丘 Shi qiu Hills
釋山 Shi shan Mountains
釋水 Shi shui Rivers
釋草 Shi cao Herbs
釋木 Shi mu Trees
釋蟲 Shi chong Creeping animals
釋魚 Shi yu Fish
釋鳥 Shi niao Birds
釋獸 Shi shou Mammals
釋畜 Shi chu Domestic animals
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

July 17, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail