Shi Chou 施讎, courtesy name Zhangqing 長卿, was a Confucian scholar of the Former Han period 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE). He is the founder of an own tradition interpreting the new-text version of the Confucian Classic Yijing 易經 "Book of Changes".
Shi Chou hailed from Pei 沛 (modern Peixian 沛縣, Jiangsu) and was a student fellow of Liangqiu He 梁丘賀 and Meng Xi 孟喜 in the classroom of Tian Wangsun 田王孫. When Liangqiu He was appointed Chamberlain for the Palace Revenues (shaofu 少府) he recommended his former collegue Shi Chou to the emperor, and he was given the title of professor (boshi 博士 "erudite") at the National University (taixue 太學).
During the Ganlu reign-period 甘露 (53-50 BCE), Shi Chou participated in the conference of the Shiqu Hall 石渠閣 during which the different versions of the Confucian Classics was discussed. His most important disciple was Zhang Yu 張禹, who became himself the teacher of Peng Xuan 彭宣.