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Manshu 蠻書


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Manshu 蠻書 "Book of the Man barbarians", also known as Yunnan zhi 雲南志 "Local gazeteer of Yunnan", Nanyi zhi 南夷志 "Treatise on the Southern barbarians", and other names, is a geographical description of China's remote southwest during the Tang period 唐 (618-907). The book, divided into 10 juan "scrolls" or chapters, was compiled by Fan Chuo 樊綽 who was sent as regional inspector to control the border between the Tang empire and the kingdom of Nanzhao 南詔, which was located in the modern province of Yunnan. Based on his experience when trying to keep down the quarrels between the king of Nanzhao and the chieftains in the north of Annam 安南 (modern Vietnam), Fan compiled a book which he wanted to see as a supplement of Wang Tongming's 王通明 now lost book Guangyiji 廣異記 "Comprehensive account of strange things". Fan's encyclopedic report about the region of Nanzhao is of immeasurable value for our knowledge about China's southwest and its inhabitants. The book was lost at the beginning of the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) but is preserved under the title of Yunnan shiji 雲南史記 "A history of Yunnan" in the encyclopedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典 from which it found its way into different collectanea (the most widespread of which might the be Zhibuzuzhai congshu 知不足齋叢書), some of which abbreviated the complete text. Modern editions are based on Fang Guoyu's 方國瑜 critical edition. The standard edition is the annotated book by Xiang Da 向達, published in 1962 with the Zhonghua shuju 中華書局 press.

Contents
1. 雲南界内途程 Yunnan jingnei tucheng Roads to and in Yunnan
2. 山川江源 Shanchuan jiangyuan Mountains and Rivers
3. 六詔 Liuzhao The six Zhao tribes
4. 名類 Minglei Names and designations
5. 六瞼 Liujian The six Jian tribes
6. 雲南城鎭 Yunnan chengzhen The capital of Yunnan
7. 雲南管内物産 Yunnan guannei wuchan Local products
8. 蠻夷風俗 Manyi fengsu Customs and habits of the Man savages
9. 南蠻條敎 Nanman tiaojiao Teachings and laws of the southern savages
10. 南蠻疆界接連諸蕃夷國名 Nanman jiangjie jielian zhufan yiguo ming The adjacent barbarian polities

Source: Song Duhua 宋獨華 (1992), "Manshu 蠻書", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 2, pp. 643 f.

July 12, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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