The book Lüshi chunqiu 呂氏春秋 says that Ling Lun came from the far west and once lived at the foot of the Kunlun Range 崑崙. When he heard the cries of phoenixes the idea came to him to use these sounds to create a tempered musical system.
The Yellow Emperor ordered him to cast twelve bells (zhong 鍾) with the support of Rong Jiang 榮將. These bells would produce the five tones (wuyin 五音) of the pentatonic scala and realize the music of the type of shao 韶. In the Classic Shijing 詩經 "Book of Songs", the office of lingguan 伶官 is mentioned. Later on the word ling adopted the meaning of "actor" in a traditional opera.