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Chinese Literature
Yuqiao wendui 漁樵問對 "Discussion between the Fisherman and the Wood-Cutter"


The Yuqiao wendui 漁樵問對 "Discussion between the Fisherman and the Wood-Cutter" (also Yuqiao duiwen 漁樵對問) is a philosophical text written by the Northern Song period 北宋 (960-1126) mathematician and philosopher Yong Shao 邵雍 ("Master Shaozi" 邵子, 1011-1077). Whether Shao Yong was really the author of the Yuqiao wendui, has long been disputed. The bibliography Junzhai dushu zhi 郡齋讀書志 says it was written by Zhang Zai 張載. All three persons lived in the same time, so that in the end the problem cannot be solved. The scholar Yu Jiayi 余嘉錫 has pointed at the fact that the the Yuqiao wendiao is mentioned as a text written bz Shao Yong in the Zhuzi yulei 朱子語類, an authoritative text on the Neo-Confucian masters, and might therefore be correct. The book is written as a diaologe between an old fisherman (yuweng 漁翁) and a wood-cutter (qiaofu 樵夫), to discuss philosophical problems like the origin of Heaven and Earth, the creation of the ten thousand things, the human condition, and questions of the social system. In the end, the wood-cutter becomes aware that the Way of Heaven is endowed in the human heart.
The Yuqiao wendui is included in the collectanea Baichuan xuehai 百川學海, Shuofu 說郛 and Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編.


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe, vol. 2, p. 1549.
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

October 6, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail