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Lidai mingchen zouyi 歷代名臣奏議

The Four Categories of Literature
Lidai mingchen zouyi 歷代名臣奏議 "Memorials of famous ministers of all ages" is a collection of important memorials to the throne through all ages until the end of the Yuan period 元 (1279-1368). The 350 juan "scrolls" long book was compiled by the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) scholars Huang Huai 黄淮 (1367-1449) and Yang Shiqi 楊士奇 and submitted to the throne in 1416. The book is divided into 64 chapters that give a crude overview of the topic of the memorials. Some older texts included in this collection are actually not memorials but discussions of politicians and their advisors, like King Wen 周文王 of the Zhou dynasty 周 (11th cent.-221 BCE), the Duke of Zhou 周公, Duke Tai of Qi 齊太公, Confucius 孔子, Guan Zhong 管仲 or Yan Ying 晏嬰. From the Han period 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE) on, the texts are in fact memorials that are concerned with all possible themes of statecraft and using the most important arguments of failure and success in the past. The book was therefore planned to serve as a handbook on politics and a supplement to the history Zizhi tongjian 資治通鑒 and the institutional histories Tongdian 通典, Tongzhi 通志 and Wenxuan tongkao 文獻通考.
The book was printed in a small edition to be distributed in the official academies, yet prohibited for personal use. Zhang Fu 張溥, living at the end of the Ming period, nevertheless owned a private copy, and another copy was found in Taiyuan 太原 (modern Taiyuan, Shanxi) that was different from that of Zhang Pu. While the latter had a chapter more on grain transport on the Grand Canal, the Taiyuan version included a chapter more on penal law. The most reliable version is one from the Yongle reign 永樂 (1403-1424) that was printed as a facsimile in 1987 by the Shanghai guji press 上海古籍出版社. The Lidai mingchen zouyi is included in the imperial collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書.

1-5 君徳
6-9 聖學
10-12 孝親
13 敬天
14-22 郊廟
23-68 治道
69-70 法祖
71-73 儲嗣
74-75 內治
76-77 宗室
78-101 經國
102 守成
103 都邑
104 封建
105-109 仁民
110-111 務農
112 田制
113-115 學校
116-117 風俗
118-128 禮樂
129-152 用人
153 求賢
154-158 知人
159-162 建官
163-170 選舉
171-172 考課
173-186 去邪
187-189 賞罰
190 勤政
191-192 節儉
193-194 戒佚欲
195 戒逸欲
196 慎微
197-198 謹名器
199-200 求言
201-207 聽言
208-214 法令
215-217 慎刑
218 赦宥
219-224 兵制
225 宿衛
226-235 征伐
236-241 任將
242 馬政
243-248 荒政
249-253 水利
254-259 賦役
260 屯田
261 漕運
262-273 理財
274 崇儒
275 經籍
276-277 國史
278-280 律歴
281-282 諡號
283-284 褒贈 Baozeng
285-286 禮臣 Lichen
287 巡幸 Xunxing
288-289 外戚 Waiqi
290 寵倖 Chongxing
291-293 近習 Jinxi
294 封禪 Fengshan
295-314 灾祥 Zaixiang
315-316 營繕 Yingshan
317-319 弭盗 Midao
320-339 禦邊 Yubian
340 四裔 Siyi

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 962.

March 1, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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