The Mianhuatu 棉花圖 "Drawings of cotton culture" is an illustrated book on the cultivation of cotton compiled by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Fang Guancheng 方觀承 (died 1768), courtesy name Fang Xiagu 方遐穀, style Wenting 問亭 or Yitian 宜田. He came from Tongcheng 桐城, Anhui, and was governor-general (zongdu 總督) of Zhili 直隸. His posthumous title is Keming 恪敏. The Mianhuatu includes 16 illustrations of cotton cultivation and the processing of the material from its harvest to spinning, weaving and dyeing. Each illustration is accompanied by a descriptive text. There was a lithographic print produced after 1800. The book is included in the collection Shouyi guangxun 授衣廣訓.
Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 2, p. 1651. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.
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