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Xiepu 蟹譜

Nov 11, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald
Xiepu 蟹譜

Xiepu 蟹譜 is a book on crabs written during the Song period 宋 (960-1279) by Fu Hong 傅肱 (fl. 1059), courtesy name Ziyi 自翼, style Guaishan 怪山. He hailed from Guiji 會稽 (modern Shaoxing 紹興, Zhejiang), but about his life virtually nothing is known.

The preface of the 2-juan-long book Xiepu was written in 1059. The texts consists of a general introduction and two chapters. In the first chapter, Fu provides a general introduction into the topic and quotes from older sources on crabs. The second chapter presents the author's own observations and findings.

Fu Hong describes the species, their appearance and colours, their habitat, and where specific crabs were to be found. He also provides information about life cycles and whether specific crabs could be eaten or not. In the chapter Shulei 殊類 "Extraordinary species", the author even renders an imaginary account of a crab "large like a door". The chapter Xiaobao 孝報 "Filial response" is the story of a soldier who fed his starving mother with crabs, so that she recovered.

The Xiepu is included in the series Baichuan xuehai 百川學海, Shanju zazhi 山居雜志, Shuofu 說郛, Gujin shiwen leiju 古今事文類聚, Siku quanshu 四庫全書 and Congshu jicheng 叢書集成.

Xu Xiepu 續蟹譜

A continuation of the book, Xu xiepu 續蟹譜, was written during the early Qing period by Chu Renhu 褚人穫 (1635-1682), courtesy name Jiaxuan 稼軒 or Xuejia 學稼, style Shinong 石農. It is included in the series Ciyantang congshu xinbian 賜硯堂叢書新編, Zhaodai congshu 昭代叢書 and Shuobu xinshu 說部新書.

Sources:
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, eds. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 2, 1867.
Liu Changzhi 劉昌芝 (1993). "Xiepu tiyao 《蟹譜》題要", in Gou Cuihua 茍萃華, ed. Zhongguo kexue jishu dianji tonghui 中國科學技術典籍通彙, part Shengwu 生物卷 (Zhengzhou: Henan jiaoyu chubanshe), Vol. 1, 147-149.
Sun Zhaoliang 孫兆亮, Xu Weitong 徐維統 (1996). "Xiepu 蟹譜", in Zhou Gucheng 周谷城, ed. Zhongguo xueshu mingzhu tiyao 中國學術名著提要, Vol. Keji 科技卷 (Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe), 699.
Tao Wentai 陶文臺 (1995). "Xiepu 蟹譜", in Zhongugo pengren baike quanshu 中國烹飪百科全書 (Beijing: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), 651.
蜀漢 (221-263)