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Chinese Literature
Chunming tuichao lu 春明退朝錄 "Spring Morning Records after Withdrawing from the Court"


The Chunming tuichao lu 春明退朝錄 "Spring morning records after withdrawing from the court" is a biji "brush notes" style book written by the Song period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Song Minqiu 宋敏求 (1019-1079), courtesy name Song Cidao宋次道. He came from Pingji 平棘 in the prefecture of Zhaozhou 趙州 (modern Zhaoxian 趙縣, Hebei) and earned his jinshi degree in 1039. 館閣校勘、史館修撰官、龍圖閣直學士等。熙甯元年(1068)以知制誥貶知絳州,but was later called back to the court to be appointed 諫議大夫. When Counsellor-in-chief Wang Anshi 王安石 attacked Lü Gongzhu 呂公著, Song Minqiu cricitized the Counsellor and asked to be dismissed, but Wang Anshi declined. He continued to criticize Wang Anshi for appointing 擢用 Li Ding 李定 as Censor-in-chief. Song Minqiu used to note down his thoughts of Tang 唐 (618-907) and early Song period writers when he withdrew from court sessions, and compiled these to a book. "Spring morning" wass the name of his study.
The 3 juan "scrolls" long book includes a lot of information on the administrative system of the Tang and the Song empires, like the system of state offices at the court or the rules for posthumous titles, but also some stories about individual persons in the central government. The book is therefore a valuable source for the history of the Northern Song period 北宋 (960-1126).
The Chunming tuichao lu is included in the collectanea Baichuan xuehai 百川學海, Xuejin taoyuan 學津討原, Xuehai leibian 學海類編, Rongyuan congshu 榕園叢書, Jifu congshu 畿輔叢書, Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編 and Shuofu 說部 (Wanwei biecang edition), arranged in 3 juan, and in a single juan in the collectanea Lidai xiaoshi 歷代小史, Tang-Song congshu 唐宋叢書, Jingyin Yuan-Ming shanben congshu 景印元明善本叢書, and in the Shangwu yinshuguan 商務印書館 edition of the Shuofu, where it is not divided into juan. In 1980 the Zhonghua shuju press 中華書局 published a modern edition, annotated by Cheng Gang 誠剛, and in a joint edition with the Dongzhai jishi 東齋記事 as part of the collection Tang-Song shiliao biji congkan 唐宋史料筆記叢刊.


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe, vol. 2, p. 1945.
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

August 18, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail