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Chinese Literature
Shizi 世子 "Master Shi"


The Shizi 世子 "Master Shi" was a Confucian treatise written by the Spring and Autumn period 戰國 (770-5th cent. BCE) scholar Shi Shuo 世碩 who came from the state of Chen 陳 and was one of the seventy disciples of Confucius. The imperial bibliography Yiwenzhi 藝文志 in the official dynastic history Hanshu 漢書 lists a book Shizi with a length of 21 chapters that are almost completely lost. The Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Ma Guohan 馬國翰 was able to collect come fragments quoted in the book Chunqiu fanlu 春秋繁露 and Lunheng 論衡. One chapter oft he Shizi was called Yangshu 養書. It discussed the nature of man and stressed that both goodness and evil character can be found in humans, a statement that is similar to the teachings of Qidiaozi 漆雕子, Mizi 宓子 and Gongsun Nizi 公孫尼子, yet the Shizi is more precise and says that man can be educated and led tot he path of goodness by learning and studying. The fragment are to be found in Ma Guohan's collectaneum Yuhan shanfang jiyi shu 玉函山房輯佚書.

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 2, p. 1606. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.

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September 7, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail