CHINAKNOWLEDGE - a universal guide for China studies | HOME | About
Encoding: Unicode (UTF-8) [Location: HOME > Literature > Masters and philosophers > Miscellaneous treatises > Zhaode xinbian]

Chinese Literature
Zhaode xinbian 昭德新編 "A New Book from the Zhaode District"


The Zhaode xinbian 昭德新編 "New book from the Zhaode district" is a moral treatise written by the Northern Song period 北宋 (960-1126) scholar Chao Jiong 晁迥 (951-1034), courtesy name Chao Mingyuan 晁明遠. He came from Qingfeng 清豐 in the prefecture of Chanzhou 澶州 (modern Chanzhou, Henan) and followed his father when the latter was appointed to an office in Pengmen 彭門 (modern Pengxian 彭縣, Sichuan). In 980 he obtained the jinshi degree and was made aide of the Chamberlain for Ceremonials (taichang cheng 太常丞). During the reign of Emperor Zhenzong 宋真宗 (r. 997-1022) he rose to the post of exhorter in the Imperial Secretariat (you zhengyan 右正言), and was a attached to the historiography institute as an edict drafter (zhizhigao 知制誥). Later on he became an academician (xueshi 學士) in the Hanlin Academy 翰林院, Director of the Bureau of Personnel Evaluation (zhi shenguanyuan 知審官院), Hanlin recipient of edicts (Hanlin xueshi chengzhi 翰林學士承旨), Minister of Works (gongbu shangshu 工部尚書), Minister of Rites (libu shangshu 禮部尚書), and crowned his career with the title of Grand Guardian of the Heir Apparent (taizi taibao 太子太保). His posthumous title is Chao Wenyuan 晁文元公. Chao Jiong was educated in the Confucian Classics, but was also knowledgeable in Buddhist and Daoist writings and wrote a book on Buddhism called Fazang suijin lu 法藏碎金錄.
The 3 juan "scrolls" long book Zhaode xinbian is the product of his notes on "rectifying the way" (zhi dao 治道) and adhorting people to a virtuous behaviour, as it was told in all the ancient writings that Chao Jiong studied in his leisure time. It was Chao's wish to better mankind with the help of his notes on the ancient Confucian writings, with their elegant and refined style, and Buddhist writings with their substantial and comprehensive explanations. The name of the book is derived from the urban quarter in which Chao Jiong lived, the Zhaode district 昭德坊.
The book was only printed during the Qingyuan reign 慶元 (1195-1200) by his fifth-generation descendant Chao Shuo 晁溯 after he had been presented the manuscript by its owner Li Tao 李燾. The Zhaode xinbian is included in the collectanea Chaoshi san xiansheng ji 晁氏三先生集 (a collection including poems of Chao Li 晁瑮 and Chao Dongwu 晁東吳 from the Ming period 明, 1368-1644), Shuofu 說郛 and Siku quanshu 四庫全書.


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe, vol. 2, p. 1887.
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

August 23, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail