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Chinese Literature
Shiwu jiyuan 事物紀原 "Compound Source of Matters and Facts"


The Shiwu jiyuan 事物紀原 "Compound source of matters and facts", also called Shiwu jiyuan jilei 事物紀原集類, is an encyclopedia compiled by the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholar Gao Cheng 高承. A Ming period 明 (1368-1644) edition says that the author is not known. The book was finished and printed in 1197. It comprises 10 juan "scrolls" in 55 topics. In total, 1,765 themes are dealt with, ranging from the universe to social entertainment. Gao quoted from ancient books all he could find about the various themes, with the intention to provide his readers with a broad range of general information. The headlines of the topics all have four characters that can be used as a mnemonic verse. Gao's indication of his sources is very excellent, and he provides also some analytical thoughts on it. Later editions have been enlarged by supplementary chapters.
There is a print from 1197 by Master Yu 余氏 from Jian'an 建安 and one from 1447 by Yan Jing 閻敬 from Nanchang 南昌 who uses the longer title for the book. Master Chen 陳氏 from Haining 海寧 published a print in 1722. The Shiwu jiyuan is included in the collectanea Siku quanshu 四庫全書 and Xiyinxuan congshu 惜陰軒叢書. The latter edition has been reproduced in 1937 by the Shanghai shangwu press 上海商務印書館 in the series Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編. There are also some revised versions of the Shiwu jiyuan, like the Shiwu jiyuan shanding 事物紀原刪定 by the Ming period scholar Zhao Bi 趙弼 and the Shiwu jiyuan bu 事物紀原補 by the Qing period scholar Nalan Yongshou 納蘭永壽, republished in 1989 by the Zhonghua shuju press 中華書局.


Sources:
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 2, p. 2038. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.
Zhao Hankun 趙含坤 (2005). Zhongguo leishu 中國類書, pp. 109-110. Shijiazhuang: Hebei renmin chubanshe.


Contents
天地生植 Tiandi shengzhi Heaven, Earth and living beings
正朔歷數 Zhengshuo lishu The year and the calendar
帝王后妃 Diwang houfei Emperors, princes and empresses
嬪御命婦 Binyu mingfu Guiding consorts and instructing wifes
朝廷注措 Chaoting zhucuo
治理政體 Zhili zhengti Reigning and the conduct of government
利源調度 Liyuan diaodu
公式姓諱 Gongshi xinghui Official names and posthumous designations
禮祭郊祀 Liji xiaosi Rituals and state sacrifices
崇奉褒冊 Chongfeng baoce
樂舞聲歌 Yuewu shengge Music and dance
輿駕羽衛 Yujia yuwei Chariots, carts, banners and guards
旗旐采章 Qizhao caizhang
冠冕首飾 Guanmian shoushi Caps and head ornaments
衣裘帶服 Yiqiu daifu Robes, furs, girdles and clothing
學校貢舉 Xuexiao gongju Schools and stipends
經籍藝文 Jingji yiwen Classics and other literature
官爵封建 Guanjue fengjian State offices and enfeoffment
勛階寄祿 Xunjie jilu
師保輔相 Shibao fuxiang
法從清望 Facong qingwang
三省綱轄 Sansheng gangxia
持憲儲闈 Chixian chudianwei
九寺卿少 Jiusi qingshao
秘殿掌貳 Bidian zhang'er
五監總率 Wujian zongshuai
環衛中貴 Huanwei zhonggui
橫行武列 Hengxing wulie
東西使班 Dongxi liban
節鉞帥漕 Jieyue shuaicao Use war axes sparingly and observe the imperial canal
撫字長民 Wuzi changmin Support literacy and grow the people
京邑館閣 Jingyi guange Official institutions of the capital
會府臺司 Huifu taisi Prefectural and provincial administration
庫務職局 Kuwu zhiju Warehouses and bureaus
州郡方域 Zhoujun fangyu Local administration
真壇凈社 Zhentan jingtu Altars and monasteries
靈宇廟貌 Lingyu miaomao Shrines and temples
道釋科教 Daoshi kejiao Daoism, Buddhism and education
伎術醫卜 Jishu yibu Magic, prognostication and medicine
舟車帷幄 Zhouche weiwu Boats, carts and tents
什物器用 Shiwu qiyong Varios tools in daily life
歲時風俗 Suishi fengsu The seasons and related customs
宮室居處 Gongshi juchu Palaces and other buildings
城市藩御 Chengshi panyu Cities and provinces
農業陶漁 Nongye taoyu Peasants, potters and fishers
酒醴飲食 Jiuli yinshi Wine and food
吉兇典制 Jixiong dianzhi Auspicious and inauspicous matters
博弈嬉戲 Boyi xixi Chess and plays
戎容兵械 Rongrong bingxie Military behaviour and weapons
戰陣攻守 Zhanzhen shougong Battle arrays and city defense
軍伍名額 Junwu ming'e The army and its size
律令刑罰 Lüling xingfa Edicts, commands and penal law
布帛雜事 Bubo zashi Textiles and miscellaneous matters
草木花果 Caomu huaguo Herbs, trees, flowers and fruits
蟲魚禽獸 Chongyu qinshou Worms and insects, fishes, birds and beasts
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

December 15, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail