CHINAKNOWLEDGE - a universal guide for China studies | HOME | About
Encoding: Unicode (UTF-8) [Location: HOME > Literature > Masters and philosophers > Scientific treatises > Gujin daojian lu]

Chinese Literature
Gujin daojian lu 古今刀劍錄 "On Swords of Ancient and Modern Times"


The Gujin daojian lu 古今刀劍錄 "On swords of ancient and modern times" is a description of swords in possession of historical persons. It is the oldest surviving Chinese book on antiques. It was written by the Liang period 梁 (502-557) scholar Tao Hongjing 陶弘景 who is otherwise known as a Daoist master and as author of the books Bencaojing jizhu 本草經集注 and Zhengao 真誥.
The small book Gujin daojian lu presents 40 different stories centering on the weapons of famous generals of all periods, beginning with the semi-mythical Xia dynasty. The so-called preface (xu 序) covers swords in possession of kings and emperors through the ages, the other chapters deal with irregular states and dynasties. The order of some persons is not correct, and some are listed under the wrong dynastic name (e.g. Guan Yu 關羽, Zhuge Liang 諸葛亮 or Dong Zhuo 董卓 under the heading Wei dynasty 曹魏, 220-265). There are statements in the Gujin daojian lu that contradict other historiographical sources. . The authorship of Tao Hongjing is also not sure.
The Gujin daojian lu is included in the collectanea Baichuan xuehai 百川學海, Han-Wei congshu 漢魏叢書, Qunfang qingwan 群芳清玩, Longwei mishu 龍威秘書, Shuofu 說郛, Siku quanshu 四庫全書 and Congshu jicheng 叢書集成. There is a modern publication by the Shanghai guji press 上海古籍出版社 in 1987.


Sources:
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe, vol. 2, p. 1850.
Zhao Hankun 趙含坤 (2005). Zhongguo leishu 中國類書, p. 13. Shijiazhuang: Hebei renmin chubanshe.


Contents
Xu Preface [main part]
諸小國刀劍總在此 Zhu xiaoguo daojian zong zai ci Swords of all the smaller states are assembled here
2 吳將刀 Wu jiang dao Swords in possession of generals of the empire of Wu
3 蜀將刀 Shu jiang dao Swords in possession of generals of the empire of Shu
4 魏將刀 Wei jiang dao Swords in possession of generals of the empire of Wei
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

October 23, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail