The Four Categories of Literature
Masters and Philosophers
Anthologies and Collected Works
Suichutang shumu 遂初堂書目 "Library Catalogue of the Suichu Hall" is a private bibliography written by the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholar You Mao 尤袤 (1127-1194). You Mao once hold the position of Minister of Rites. He was a poet and possessed a large private library in his mansion in Jiulongshan 九龍山 near Wuxi 無錫, Jiangsu, the Suichu Hall 遂初堂 "Hall of the Fulfilment of the Natural Bent". Emperor Guangzong 宋光宗 (r. 1189-1194) in person wrote the name tablet (bian'e 匾額) of the building. The bibliography includes more than 3,000 titles arranged in 44 categories which are divided into the four traditional sections of Confucian Classics (jingbu 經部), historiography (shibu 史部), masters and philosophers (zibu 子部), and belles-lettres (jibu 集部). The catalogue includes a lot of contemporary writings, especially histories, and is therefore an important document about Southern Song period sources. Of special interest are the categories Xiaoshuo 小說 "Novellas", Leishu 類書 "Encyclopedias" and Yuequ 樂曲 "Songs and arias", three genres flourishing during the the Song period. You Mao also introduced the category of scientific writings (pulu 譜錄).
The section of the Confucian Classics includes 357 books, the historiography section 793 books, the masters and philosophers section 926 books, and the belles-lettres section 779 books.
It is a pity that You Mao did not provide information about the authors of the books and only lists the titles for most of the works. For a few books he also provides information about different editions, like the Sichuan version 川本 and the Yanzhou version 嚴州本 of the history Shiji 史記.
Of the Suichutang bibliography itself, more than ten different editions are available. Because the catalogue does not include a lot information on the authors and the juan "scrolls" size of the books, it might not have been very widespread. It is, unfortunately, not possible to give a concrete date of the first print. The Suichutang shumu it is included in the collectanea Siku quanshu 四庫全書, Shuofu 說郛, Haishanxianguan congshu 海山仙館叢書 and Xianzhe yishu 先哲遺書.
經部 Jingbu Confucian Classics
經總 Jingzong General books about the Classics
周易 Zhouyi "Book of Changes"
尚書 Shangshu"Book of Documents"
詩 Shi "Book of Songs"
禮 Li Ritual books
樂 Yue Books on music
春秋 Chunqiu "Spring and Autumn Annals"
論語孝經孟子 Lunyu Xiaojing Mengzi "Confucian Analects", "Classic of Filial Piety", Mengzi
小學 Xiaoxue Lexicography
史部 Shibu Historiography
正史 Zhengshi Official dynastic histories
編年 Biannian Annals and chronicle
雜史 Zashi Miscellaneous histories
故事 Gushi Old histories
雜傳 Zazhuan Miscellaneous biographies
偽史 Weishi Histories of usupatorious states
國史 Guoshi Official histories of the Song dynasty
本朝雜史 Benchao zashi Miscellaneous histories of the Song dynasty
本朝故事 Benchao gushi Stories of the Song dynasty
本朝雜傳 Benchao zazhuan Miscellaneous biographies of the Song dynasty
實錄 Shilu Veritable records
職官 Zhiguan Books on state offices
儀注 Yizhu Books on state rituals
刑法 Xingfa Books on penal law
姓氏 Xingshi Books on eminent families
史學 Shixue Theories of historiography
目錄 Mulu Bibliographies
地理 Dili Books on administrative geography
子部 Zibu Masters and philosophers
儒家 Rujia Confucian treatises
雜家 Zajia Miscellaneous treatises
道家 Daojia Daoist treatises
釋家 Shijia Buddhist treatises
農家 Nongjia Agricultural treatises
兵家 Bingjia Military treatises
數術家 Shushujia Books on divination
小說家 Xiaoshuojia Novellas
雜藝 Zayi Miscellaneous arts
譜錄 Pulu Scientific treatises
類書 Leishu Encyclopedias
醫書 Yishu Medical treatises
集部 Jibu Belles-lettres
別集 Bieji Individual belles-lettres
章奏 Zhangzou Memorials to the throne
總集 Zongji Collective belles-lettres
文史 Wenshi History of literature
樂典 Yuequ Songs and arias
Sources: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1464. ● Meng Zhaojin 孟昭晉 (1993), "Suichutang shumu 遂初堂書目", in: Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Tushuguanxue qingbaoxue dang'anxue 圖書館學•情報學•檔案學 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), p. 406.
May 28, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
Chinese Literature over time